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Lithuanian Biomass Energy Association LITBIOMA was established in summer of 2003 and is currently comprised of 55 members. The association involves the producers and suppliers of solid biofuel and other renewable local resources, such as wood, straw, energetic willows, peat, as well as the producers and designers of biofuel boiler rooms and other equipment, developers of plantations and academic institutions.
Biomass (wood chips) producers and suppliers section
Energy production equipment section
Science and biofuel resources section
Biomass pellets and briquettes section
Energy production section
According to the European Commission, the energy obtained from renewable energy sources in Lithuania amounts to 23 percent of the entire consumed energy. We have already reached the EU Directive Regarding the Incentives for Consumption of Renewable Energy Resources for Lithuania to increase this rate to 23 percent until 2020.
The majority of renewable energy in Lithuania is from biomass. The amount of biomass per capita in Lithuania is one of the highest in the European Union and it is estimated that in 2020 Lithuania will be the first in the EU according to the quantity of available biomass for biofuel production.
Lithuania possesses enormous renewable energy sources that are being left to decompose without any benefit in forests, fields or communal waste dumping grounds. The available resources are not only sufficient for fulfilling the requirements provided for in the new EU directive, but also for surpassing them substantially.
In order to be able to produce energy, it is necessary to broaden the application of forest cutting residues, straw, municipal waste, to establish energetic plant plantations.
The wood cutting and forest cleaning residues accumulated in Lithuanian forests is one of the most promising kinds of local fuel. According to LITBIOMA, the forest cutting residue potential amounts to about 1 million m3 per year. Such resources allow an annual energy production of 2152 GWh.
Straw, Perennial Grass Biofuel
About 2.4 million tons of straw are available every year in Lithuania but only a minor part is used for energy production. The economically reasonable straw potential amounts to 0.5 million tons which can lead to production of around 1500 GWh of energy.
Energetic Willow Biofuel
According to calculations performed by LITBIOMA, until 2013 Lithuania could establish 11 500 energetic plantations in its 400 000 ha of unused, infertile land. The biomass produced by these plantations could allow an annual energy production of 500 GWh.
Lithuania is among the few EU newcomers that are still polluting the environment with their municipal waste – leaving it to decompose on dumping grounds, instead of using it for energy production. At the moment there are more than 420 modern waste burning plants fitted for environmentally-friendly heat and energy production operating all around Europe.
By burning municipal waste, the amount of which in Lithuania reaches 1.3 million tons every year, it would make it possible to produce around 30 percent of centrally supplied thermal energy. By using the municipal waste for energy production in modern power stations, its amount on the country’s dumping grounds could be reduced by up to five times.
The current situation
Forests cover ~ 33.3 percent of Lithuania (2200000 hа).
Practically all the cities, towns and bigger villages have now biomass district heating, capable to cover base load and supply heat and hot water. It is very often, that biomass energy covers 100% of necessary heat (in smaller towns). Practically, only in the capital of Lithuania Vilnius this type of transition is still in progress. A new biomass powered CHP, with WtE block built in addition, will finish this switch from gas to biomass in Lithuania in 2017. This impressive and large energy unit will be able to produce 400GWh of electricity (3,7% consumption of Lithuania), will supply to DH grid in Vilnius 1.240 GWh of heat (delivering up to 50 % of Vilnius need), and will reduce the emission of CO2 by 230.000t annually. Together with the existing capacities of biomass boiler houses and CHP in Vilnius it will be enough to cover even more than base load, and only peaks during very cold days will require a little help of gas generators. After this is done, biomass heat in Lithuanian DH will reach not less than 80% of market share.
Read more about Success Story of Lithuania - Switch from Gas to Biomass in DH